Football Ops

Football Ops

Protecting the integrity of the greatest game.

NFL Ops: Honoring the Game

It's our responsibility to strengthen the sport.

League Governance

Ensuring a consistent and fair game that is decided on the field, by the players.

Return To Play

2020 NFL-NFLPA CBA: Need to know

Key takeaways from the 2020 Collective Bargaining Agreement 

NFL Rules Enforcement

Ensuring that players conduct themselves in a way that honors the sport and respects the game.

NFL Way to Play

Knees Bent. Pads Down. Head Up and Out.

The NFL and HBCUs

The NFL is proud of the HBCU professional football legacy.

Economic & Social Impact

Honoring the league’s commitment to serve the communities where the game is played.

The NFL Ops Team

Meet the people behind NFL Operations.

The Game

The Game

Learn about the people, the jobs and the technology that deliver the best game possible to NFL fans across the U.S. and around the world. 

Game Day: Behind the Scenes

Countdown to kickoff: how NFL games happen.

Game Day Assistants

See the NFL personnel at every game, what they do and you can identify them. 


In the NFL, balancing technology with tradition.

Impact of Television

How television has changed the game.

History of Instant Replay

Upon further review…

Creating the NFL Schedule

It takes hundreds of computers and five NFL executives to create the NFL’s 256-game masterpiece.

Big Data Bowl

The annual analytics contest explores statistical innovations in football — how the game is played and coached.

Youth Football

Promoting the values of football.

The Players

The Players

Learn how NFL players have changed over time, how they’re developed and drafted and how the league works with them after their playing days are over.  

Evolution of the NFL Player

Creating an NFL player: from “everyman” to “superman.”

Development Pipeline

Supporting the next generation of players and fans.

Getting Into the Game

Preparing players of all ages for success at football’s highest level.

The NFL Draft

Introducing the next wave of NFL superstars. 

NFL Player Engagement

A look at the programs and services NFL Player Engagement provides to assist every player before, during and after his football career.

NFL Legends Community

Strengthening the NFL brotherhood.

NFL Total Wellness

NFL Total Wellness assists players, Legends and their families before, during and after their playing experiences.

The Officials

The Officials

Discover the evolution of professional officiating, the weekly evaluation process and how the NFL identifies and develops the next generation of officials.

In Focus: History of the Official

“One thing hasn’t changed: the pressure. It will always be there.”

Inside NFL GameDay Central

The latest information from the NFL's officiating center.

These Officials Are Really Good

Every week, officials take the field ready to put months of preparation, training and hard work on display, knowing that the whole world — and the Officiating Department — is watching.

Officiating Development

Officiating an NFL game takes years of training and experience. 

The Rules

The Rules

NFL Football Operations protects the integrity of the game by ensuring that the rules and the officiating are consistent and fair to all competitors.

In Focus: Evolution of the NFL Rules

The custodians of football not only have protected its integrity, but have also revised its playing rules to protect the players, and to make the games fairer and more entertaining.

NFL Video Rulebook

The NFL Video Rulebook explains NFL rules with video examples.

2020 NFL Rulebook

Explore the official rules of the game.

2020 Rules Changes and Points of Emphasis

NFL Overtime Rules

Signals Intelligence

The NFL's familiar hand signals help fans better understand the game.   

NFL Tiebreaking Procedures

The NFL's procedures for breaking ties for postseason playoffs.

NFL Rules Digest

A quick reference guide to the NFL rulebook.

Football 101

Football 101

Terms Glossary

Sharpen your NFL football knowledge with this glossary of the game's fundamental terms. 

Formations 101

See where the players line up in pro football's most common offensive and defensive formations.

Quick Guide to NFL TV Graphics

Understand what the graphics on NFL television broadcasts mean and how they can help you get the most out of watching NFL games.

NFL Instant Replay Process

The NFL’s instant replay review process focuses on expediting instant replay reviews and ensuring consistency. Learn how it works.

Stats Central

Stats Central

Go inside the game with the NFL's official game stats. Sort the stats by season or by week.

The Extra Point

Welcome to the Extra Point, where members of the NFL's football data and analytics team will share updates on league-wide trends in football data, interesting visualizations that showcase innovative ways to use the league's data, and provide an inside look at how the NFL uses data-driven insight to improve and monitor player and team performance.

Chart The Data

Chart and compare the NFL Football Operations stats you're looking for with the NFL's data tool. 

Weekly Dashboard

Get a snapshot of the current NFL game stats, updated weekly during the regular season.

Success for young quarterbacks highlighted the 2019 regular season as 208 games featured at least one starting quarterback under the age of 27, the most in a single season in NFL history. Quarterbacks under the age of 27 started 287 games and recorded 144 wins in those starts this season, both single-season highs since 1970. Three quarterbacks under the age of 25 — Baltimore’s Lamar Jackson, Kansas City’s Patrick Mahomes and Houston’s Deshaun Watson —led their teams to division titles in each of the past two seasons.

Competitiveness was a constant theme throughout the regular season as 68% of games (174 of 256) were within one score — eight or fewer points — in the fourth quarter, tied for the fifth-most in a single season, while 52.3% of games (134 of 256) were decided by eight or fewer points, also tied for the fifth-most in a single season. Additionally, 57 games saw a team come back to win or tie after trailing in the fourth quarter.

The 2019 season saw two playoff spots and two division titles — the NFC East and NFC West — decided on the last day of the season. The week 17 excitement is due in part to having all 32 teams playing divisional games on the season’s final day, a tradition instituted in 2010.

Five of the 12 playoff teams in 2019 — Buffalo, Green Bay, Minnesota, San Francisco, and Tennessee — returned to the playoffs after missing them last season. In every season since 1990, at least four teams have earned playoff berths after not making the postseason the year before.

Both the Green Bay Packers (NFC North) and San Francisco 49ers (NFC West) won their division after missing the postseason in 2018. At least two teams have won their divisions the season after missing the playoffs in 16 of the past 17 years.

Teams to win their division a season after missing the postseason since 2003:

2019 Green Bay, San Francisco
2018 Baltimore, Chicago*, Dallas, Houston*
2017 Jacksonville*, L.A. Rams, New Orleans, Minnesota, Philadelphia*
2016 Atlanta, Dallas*
2015 Houston, Minnesota, Washington*
2014 Dallas, Pittsburgh
2013 Carolina*, Philadelphia*
2012 Washington*
2011 Denver*, Houston*, New York Giants, San Francisco
2010 Atlanta, Chicago, Kansas City*, Pittsburgh, Seattle
2009 Cincinnati, Dallas, New England, New Orleans*
2008 Arizona, Carolina, Miami*, Minnesota
2007 Green Bay, Pittsburgh, Tampa Bay*
2006 Baltimore*, New Orleans*, Philadelphia*, San Diego
2005 Chicago*, Cincinnati, New York Giants, Tampa Bay*
2004 Atlanta*, Pittsburgh, San Diego*
2003 Baltimore, Carolina*, Kansas City*, New England, St. Louis Rams

*Worst to first

The 2019 season will go down as one of the most prolific offensive seasons in league history.

Teams combined to score 1,332 total touchdowns, the third-most in a single season. The 11,680 total points were tied for the third-most.

2018 1,371
2013 1,338
2019 1,332
2015 1,318
2013 11,985
2018 11,952
2019 11,680
2015 11,680

Five teams — Baltimore (33.2 points per game), San Francisco (29.9), New Orleans (28.6), Tampa Bay (28.6) and Kansas City (28.2) — averaged at least 28 points per game this season. 2019 joins 2014 (six teams) as the only seasons with five-or-more teams averaging at least 28 points per game since 1970.

The Ravens, who scored at least 40 points in five games this season, led the NFL with 3,296 rushing yards, surpassing the 1978 New England Patriots (3,165) for the most rushing yards by a team in a single season.

In 2019, league-wide passing numbers continued to trend at a historic pace. Overall, the 90.4 passer rating (second), 63.5 % completion percentage (second), 11,331 total completions (fourth) and 797 touchdown passes (fifth) all ranked in the top five for highest in a single season in NFL history.

2018 92.9
2019 90.4
2015 90.2
2016 89.3
2014 88.9
2018 64.9
2019 63.5
2016 63
2015 63
2014 62.6
2015 11,527
2016 11,526
2018 11,462
2019 11,331
2014 11,200
2018 847
2015 842
2014 807
2013 804
2019 797

Eleven quarterbacks passed for at least 4,000 yards in 2019, including four with at least 4,500 passing yards:

  • Jameis Winston, TB - 5,109
  • Dak Prescott, DAL - 4,902
  • Jared Goff, LAR - 4,638
  • Philip Rivers, LAC - 4,615

Twelve quarterbacks threw at least 25 touchdown passes, including four with at least 30:

  • Lamar Jackson, BAL - 36
  • Jameis Winston, TB - 33
  • Russell Wilson, SEA - 31
  • Dak Prescott, DAL - 30

Three rookie quarterbacks each passed for at least 20 touchdowns this season:

  • Daniel Jones, NYG
  • Gardner Minshew, JAX
  • Kyler Murray, ARZ

2019 is the second season in which at least three rookie quarterbacks each passed for 20-or-more touchdowns; in 2012, Robert Griffin III, Andrew Luck and Russell Wilson each passed for 20-or-more touchdowns.

Nine quarterbacks had a passer rating of 100 or higher in 2019, including three with a rating of at least 110:

  • Ryan Tannehill, TEN - 117.5
  • Drew Brees, NO - 3
  • Lamar Jackson, BAL - 113.3

The nine quarterbacks with a passer rating of 100 or higher were tied with the 2018 season for the most in a single season.

2019 9
2018 9
2013 7

Sixteen players rushed for at least 1,000 yards. Four with at least 1,300 yards:

  • Derrick Henry, TEN - 1,540
  • Nick Chubb, CLV - 1,494
  • Christian McCaffrey, CAR - 1,387
  • Ezekiel Elliott, DAL - 1,357

Seven players recorded at least 10 rushing touchdowns in 2019:

  • Derrick Henry, TEN - 16
  • Aaron Jones, GB - 16
  • Christian McCaffrey, CAR - 15
  • Dalvin Cook, MIN - 13
  • Ezekiel Elliott, DAL - 12
  • Todd Gurley, LAR - 12
  • Mark Ingram, BAL - 10

Twenty-six running backs totaled at least 1,000 scrimmage yards, including eight with at least 1,500:

  • Christian McCaffrey, CAR - 2,392
  • Ezekiel Elliott, DAL - 1,777
  • Nick Chubb, CLV - 1,772
  • Derrick Henry, TEN - 1,746
  • Leonard Fournette, JAX - 1,674
  • Dalvin Cook, MIN - 1,654
  • Aaron Jones, GB - 1,558
  • Austin Ekeler, LAC - 1,550

Three running backs each recorded at least 18 scrimmage touchdowns this season:

  • Aaron Jones, GB - 19
  • Christian McCaffrey, CAR - 19
  • Derrick Henry, TEN - 18

2019 was the third season in NFL history with three players totaling at least 18 scrimmage touchdowns each, joining 2005 (Shaun Alexander, Larry Johnson and LaDainian Tomlinson) and 1962 (Jim Brown, Jim Taylor and Abner Haynes).

Twenty-nine players had at least 1,000 receiving yards, including five with at least 1,200 yards:

  • Michael Thomas, NO - 1,725
  • Julio Jones, ATL - 1,394
  • Chris Godwin, TB - 1,333
  • Travis Kelce, KC - 1,229
  • Devante Parker, MIA - 1,202

Five players had at least 100 receptions in 2019:

  • Michael Thomas, NO – 149 (single-season NFL record)
  • Christian McCaffrey, CAR - 116
  • Keenan Allen, LAC - 104
  • Deandre Hopkins, HST - 104
  • Julian Edelman, NE - 100

Three players had at least 10 touchdown catches this season:

  • Kenny Golladay, DET - 11
  • Mark Andrews, BAL - 10
  • Cooper Kupp, LAR - 10

Five rookies recorded at least seven touchdown receptions in 2019:

  • J. Brown, TEN - 8
  • Darius Slayton, NYG - 8
  • Marquise Brown, BAL - 7
  • Terry McLaurin, WAS - 7
  • DK Metcalf, SEA - 7

Rookies combined for 110 touchdown receptions in 2019, which surpassed 2014 (109) for the most touchdown receptions by rookies in a single season since 1970.

Eighteen players recorded at least 10 sacks, including five with at least 14 sacks, in 2019:

  • Shaquil Barrett, TB - 19.5
  • Chandler Jones, ARZ - 19
  • Cameron Jordan, NO - 15.5
  • Danielle Hunter, MIN - 14.5
  • J. Watt, PIT - 14.5

Five players registered at least five forced fumbles this season:

  • Chandler Jones, ARZ - 8
  • J. Watt, PIT - 8
  • Shaquil Barrett, TB - 6
  • Ryan Anderson, WAS - 5
  • Khalil Mack, CHI - 5

2019 was the first season since 2002 where two players (Dwight Freeney and Leonard Little) had at least eight forced fumbles in a season.

Ten players recorded at least five interceptions, including three with six interceptions, this season:

  • Stephon Gilmore, NE - 6
  • Anthony Harris, MIN - 6
  • Tre’Davious White, BUF - 6