Football Ops

Football Ops

Protecting the integrity of the greatest game.

NFL Ops: Honoring the Game

It's our responsibility to strengthen the sport.

League Governance

Ensuring a consistent and fair game that is decided on the field, by the players.

NFL Rules Enforcement

Ensuring that players conduct themselves in a way that honors the sport and respects the game.

Fines & Appeals

The NFL's schedule of infractions and fines, and a process for appeal.

Economic & Social Impact

Honoring the league’s commitment to serve the communities where the game is played.

The NFL Ops Team

Meet the people behind NFL Operations.

The Game

The Game

Learn about the people, the jobs and the technology that deliver the best game possible to NFL fans across the U.S. and around the world. 

Gameday: Behind the Scenes

Countdown to kickoff: how NFL games happen.

Technology

In the NFL, balancing technology with tradition.

Impact of Television

How television has changed the game.

History of Instant Replay

Upon further review…

Creating the NFL Schedule

It takes hundreds of computers and four NFL executives to create the NFL's 256-game masterpiece.

The Players

The Players

Learn how NFL players have changed over time, how they’re developed and drafted and how the league works with them after their playing days are over.  

Evolution of the NFL Player

Creating an NFL player: from “everyman” to “superman.”

Development Pipeline

Supporting the next generation of players and fans.

Getting Into the Game

Preparing players of all ages for success at football’s highest level.

The NFL Draft

Introducing the next wave of NFL superstars. 

NFL Player Engagement

A look at the programs the NFL and its partners provide to help every player before, during and after his football career.

NFL Legends Community

Celebrating, educating, embracing and connecting all former NFL players with each other, their former teams and the league.

The Officials

The Officials

Discover the evolution of professional officiating, the weekly evaluation process and how the NFL identifies and develops the next generation of officials.

In Focus: History of the Official

“One thing hasn’t changed: the pressure. It will always be there.”

Inside NFL GameDay Central

The latest information from the NFL's officiating command center.

These Officials Are Really Good

Every week, officials take the field ready to put months of preparation, training and hard work on display, knowing that the whole world — and the Officiating Department — is watching.

Officiating Development

Officiating an NFL game takes years of training and experience. 

The Rules

The Rules

NFL Football Operations protects the integrity of the game by ensuring that the rules and the officiating are consistent and fair to all competitors.

In Focus: Evolution of the NFL Rules

The custodians of football not only have protected its integrity, but have also revised its playing rules to protect the players, and to make the games fairer and more entertaining.

2017 NFL Rulebook

Explore the official rules of the game.

NFL Video Rulebook

The NFL Video Rulebook explains NFL rules with video examples.

2017 Rules Changes and Points of Emphasis

NFL Overtime Rules

NFL Tiebreaking Procedures

The NFL's procedures for breaking ties for postseason playoffs.

Signals Intelligence

The NFL's familiar hand signals help fans better understand the game.   

Stats Central

Stats Central

Go inside the game with the NFL's official game stats. Sort the stats by season or by week.

Chart The Data

Chart and compare the NFL Football Operations stats you're looking for with the NFL's data tool. 

Weekly Dashboard

Get a snapshot of the current NFL game stats, updated weekly during the regular season.

NFL teams’ voluntary offseason workout programs are intended to provide training, teaching and physical conditioning for players.

Article 21 of the Collective Bargaining Agreement states that each club’s official, voluntary nine-week offseason program is conducted in three phases:

  • Phase One: The first two weeks of the program. Activities are limited to strength and conditioning and physical rehabilitation only.
  • Phase Two: The next three weeks of the program. On-field workouts may include individual player instruction and drills. Team practices can be conducted, but no live contact or team-offense-versus-team-defense drills are permitted.
  • Phase Three: The next four weeks of the program. Teams may conduct a total of 10 days of organized team practice activity (OTAs). No live contact is permitted, but 7-on-7, 9-on-7, and 11-on-11 drills are permitted.

Article 22 of the Collective Bargaining Agreement stipulates that clubs may hold one mandatory minicamp for veteran players and that the minicamp must occur during Phase Three of the offseason program.

Teams that have hired a head coach after the end of the 2015 season may conduct an additional voluntary veteran minicamp. These minicamps must take place before the NFL Draft, but no earlier than week three of the club’s offseason workout program and after at least one week of the two weeks of Phase One activities that the clubs may hold pursuant to Article 21. This year, six clubs held voluntary veteran minicamps (see below).

Each club may hold a rookie football development program for a period of seven weeks, which in 2016 may begin on May 9. During this period, no activities may be held on weekends, except for one post-NFL Draft rookie minicamp, which may be held on either the first or second weekend after the draft.

For specific information and detailed offseason program rules, please see Articles 21 and 22 of the Collective Bargaining Agreement (beginning on page 131).

The NFL Offseason Workout Program calendar (dates are tentative and subject to change):

ARIZONA
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 17-19, May 24-26, May 31, June 1-3
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 7-9
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

ATLANTA
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 23-24, May 26, May 31, June 1, June 3, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

BALTIMORE
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, June 1-3, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-7​

BUFFALO
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 23-24, May 26, May 31, June 1, June 3, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

CAROLINA
First Day:                               April 25
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 13-14

CHICAGO
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, June 1-3, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 13-15

CINCINNATI
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

CLEVELAND
First Day:                               April 4
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 17-19, May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2
Voluntary Minicamp:             April 19-22
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 7-9
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 13-15

DALLAS
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-8
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

DENVER
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 13-16
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 7-9
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

DETROIT
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

GREEN BAY
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 23-24, May 26, June 1-3, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-7

HOUSTON
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 23-24, May 26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-7, June 9-10
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

INDIANAPOLIS
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 17-19, May 24-26, May 31, June 1-3
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 7-9
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

JACKSONVILLE
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 23-24, May 26, May 31, June 2-3, June 6-7, June 9-10
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-7

KANSAS CITY
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 7-10
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 7-9

LOS ANGELES
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 31, June 1, June 3, June 7-8, June 10
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

MIAMI
First Day:                               April 11
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Voluntary Minicamp:             April 26-28
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

MINNESOTA
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

NEW ENGLAND
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 23-24, May 26, June 1-2, June 13-14, June 16
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 7-9
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

NEW ORLEANS
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 13-15

NEW YORK GIANTS
First Day:                               April 11
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 23-24, May 26, June 1-3, June 6-7, June 9-10
Voluntary Minicamp:             April 26-28
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8

NEW YORK JETS
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8 

OAKLAND
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 13-15

PHILADELPHIA
First Day:                               April 4
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 17-19, May 24-26, May 31, June 1-3
Voluntary Minicamp:             April 19-21
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 7-9
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 13-15 

PITTSBURGH
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8 

SAN DIEGO
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 23-25, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 13-15

SAN FRANCISCO
First Day:                               April 4
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 17-19, May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2
Voluntary Minicamp:             April 26-28
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 7-9
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 13-15 

SEATTLE
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 23-24, May 26, May 31, June 1, June 3, June 6-7, June 9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8 

TAMPA BAY
First Day:                               April 11
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Voluntary Minicamp:             April 26-28
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 6-8​ 

TENNESSEE
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 13-15

WASHINGTON
First Day:                               April 18
OTA Offseason Workouts:    May 24-26, May 31, June 1-2, June 6-9
Mandatory Minicamp:           June 14-16
Rookie Minicamp:                  May 13-15

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