Football Ops

Football Ops

Protecting the integrity of the greatest game.

NFL Ops: Honoring the Game

It's our responsibility to strengthen the sport.

League Governance

Ensuring a consistent and fair game that is decided on the field, by the players.

Return To Play

2020 NFL-NFLPA CBA: Need to know

Key takeaways from the 2020 Collective Bargaining Agreement 

NFL Rules Enforcement

Ensuring that players conduct themselves in a way that honors the sport and respects the game.

NFL Way to Play

Knees Bent. Pads Down. Head Up and Out.

The NFL and HBCUs

The NFL is proud of the HBCU professional football legacy.

Economic & Social Impact

Honoring the league’s commitment to serve the communities where the game is played.

The NFL Ops Team

Meet the people behind NFL Operations.

The Game

The Game

Learn about the people, the jobs and the technology that deliver the best game possible to NFL fans across the U.S. and around the world. 

Game Day: Behind the Scenes

Countdown to kickoff: how NFL games happen.

Game Day Assistants

See the NFL personnel at every game, what they do and you can identify them. 


In the NFL, balancing technology with tradition.

Impact of Television

How television has changed the game.

History of Instant Replay

Upon further review…

Creating the NFL Schedule

It takes hundreds of computers and five NFL executives to create the NFL’s 256-game masterpiece.

Big Data Bowl

The annual analytics contest explores statistical innovations in football — how the game is played and coached.

Youth Football

Promoting the values of football.

The Players

The Players

Learn how NFL players have changed over time, how they’re developed and drafted and how the league works with them after their playing days are over.  

Evolution of the NFL Player

Creating an NFL player: from “everyman” to “superman.”

Development Pipeline

Supporting the next generation of players and fans.

Getting Into the Game

Preparing players of all ages for success at football’s highest level.

The NFL Draft

Introducing the next wave of NFL superstars. 

NFL Player Engagement

A look at the programs and services NFL Player Engagement provides to assist every player before, during and after his football career.

NFL Legends Community

Strengthening the NFL brotherhood.

NFL Total Wellness

NFL Total Wellness assists players, Legends and their families before, during and after their playing experiences.

The Officials

The Officials

Discover the evolution of professional officiating, the weekly evaluation process and how the NFL identifies and develops the next generation of officials.

In Focus: History of the Official

“One thing hasn’t changed: the pressure. It will always be there.”

Inside NFL GameDay Central

The latest information from the NFL's officiating center.

These Officials Are Really Good

Every week, officials take the field ready to put months of preparation, training and hard work on display, knowing that the whole world — and the Officiating Department — is watching.

Officiating Development

Officiating an NFL game takes years of training and experience. 

The Rules

The Rules

NFL Football Operations protects the integrity of the game by ensuring that the rules and the officiating are consistent and fair to all competitors.

In Focus: Evolution of the NFL Rules

The custodians of football not only have protected its integrity, but have also revised its playing rules to protect the players, and to make the games fairer and more entertaining.

NFL Video Rulebook

The NFL Video Rulebook explains NFL rules with video examples.

2020 NFL Rulebook

Explore the official rules of the game.

2020 Rules Changes and Points of Emphasis

NFL Overtime Rules

Signals Intelligence

The NFL's familiar hand signals help fans better understand the game.   

NFL Tiebreaking Procedures

The NFL's procedures for breaking ties for postseason playoffs.

NFL Rules Digest

A quick reference guide to the NFL rulebook.

Football 101

Football 101

Terms Glossary

Sharpen your NFL football knowledge with this glossary of the game's fundamental terms. 

Formations 101

See where the players line up in pro football's most common offensive and defensive formations.

Quick Guide to NFL TV Graphics

Understand what the graphics on NFL television broadcasts mean and how they can help you get the most out of watching NFL games.

NFL Instant Replay Process

The NFL’s instant replay review process focuses on expediting instant replay reviews and ensuring consistency. Learn how it works.

Stats Central

Stats Central

Go inside the game with the NFL's official game stats. Sort the stats by season or by week.

The Extra Point

Welcome to the Extra Point, where members of the NFL's football data and analytics team will share updates on league-wide trends in football data, interesting visualizations that showcase innovative ways to use the league's data, and provide an inside look at how the NFL uses data-driven insight to improve and monitor player and team performance.

Chart The Data

Chart and compare the NFL Football Operations stats you're looking for with the NFL's data tool. 

Weekly Dashboard

Get a snapshot of the current NFL game stats, updated weekly during the regular season.

(Ben Liebenberg via AP)

(Ben Liebenberg via AP)

London’s Wembley Stadium has hosted more than a dozen NFL games since the league’s International Series began in 2007. Each game challenges the league’s Game Operations unit with re-creating an NFL game environment in a stadium best known for soccer and rugby.

The Game Ops crew coordinates the staffing and technology to ensure that every one of the league’s 256 regular-season games is played under ideal conditions. For a typical NFL game, the home team will prepare its stadium; for games played in the United Kingdom, the league takes on that responsibility. 

“Football Ops and International Series staff work hard to make sure the differences are nominal,” said Jay Reid, the NFL’s manager of instant replay technology.

For the London games between the Buffalo Bills and the Jacksonville Jaguars (Oct. 25) and the Detroit Lions and the Kansas City Chiefs (Nov. 1), league officials prepare the stadium and the field — starting with filling the hundreds of behind-the-scenes positions that make each game possible. 

Some game day professionals with specialized skills, such as instant replay technicians, will travel to London; for other roles, the NFL will hire qualified personnel locally. In both games, the British American Football Referees’ Association will supply the chain gang.

Team physicians and trainers work closely with British physicians — including orthopedic surgeons and neurotrauma specialists — and emergency medical staff to fill the in-stadium medical roles required for every NFL game. 

Field preparation begins in the week before the game. Grounds crews remove any markings on the field and install the goal posts. They paint the field and the end zones with the required lines and team logos, and install play clocks in the stadium as outlined in the NFL Game Operations Manual. 

Since the Jaguars are the home team for the Oct. 25 game, the game and play clock operators, injury review technicians and ATC spotter will be those who work the games in Jacksonville. These positions will be filled Nov. 1 by personnel from Kansas City. 

As with all other games, NFL field certification specialists test the playing surface for hardness and make sure that the field is safe, meets the league’s competitive standards and stands up to NFL action. 

“We work with the grounds crew at Wembley on pitch plans to make sure the field holds up to 300-pound men battling in the trenches,” said Blake Jones, the NFL’s director of football operations.

NFL staff installs the instant replay and injury review video equipment. In-game communications devices are prepared and secured. The NFL coaches’ communication systems are not licensed for wireless use in the U.K.; as a result, coaches will wear wired belt packs.

A wireless network will be set up on the sidelines so that teams can use their Surface Pro 3 tablets to review game action and make coaching decisions during the game. A hard-wired option will also be available in case there are any problems with the Wi-Fi system. As with NFL games in the U.S., teams will have the option to print out photos.

“The International Series provides our IT staff with a unique opportunity to ensure that our technologies perform well on a global stage,” said Clint Wagner, the NFL’s director of IT business relationships. “Ultimately, our goal is to provide fans & teams with all of the technology that they would normally have for any other game.”

For the first time in the International Series, the NFL will play at Wembley Stadium on two consecutive Sundays with no events scheduled in between, so many of the league’s modifications to the stadium for the Oct. 25 game will remain in place for the final 2015 International Series game. (The first game of the 2015 International Series was held Oct. 4, when the New York Jets defeated the Miami Dolphins.)

More international games are on the horizon. In July 2015, the league announced a deal with the English Premier League club Tottenham Hotspur to host NFL games in Tottenham’s new stadium beginning in 2018. Three months later, league owners approved a resolution allowing for more NFL regular-season international games through 2025, setting the stage for games outside the United Kingdom.