Football Ops

Football Ops

Protecting the integrity of the greatest game.

NFL Ops: Honoring the Game

It's our responsibility to strengthen the sport.

League Governance

Ensuring a consistent and fair game that is decided on the field, by the players.

Social Justice

NFL COVID-19 Protocols

NFL Rules Enforcement

Ensuring that players conduct themselves in a way that honors the sport and respects the game.

NFL Way to Play

Knees Bent. Pads Down. Head Up and Out.

The NFL and HBCUs

The NFL is proud of the HBCU professional football legacy.

Economic & Social Impact

Honoring the league’s commitment to serve the communities where the game is played.

The NFL Ops Team

Meet the people behind NFL Operations.

The Game

The Game

Learn about the people, the jobs and the technology that deliver the best game possible to NFL fans across the U.S. and around the world. 

Game Day: Behind the Scenes

Countdown to kickoff: how NFL games happen.

Game Day Assistants

See the NFL personnel at every game, what they do and you can identify them. 


In the NFL, balancing technology with tradition.

Impact of Television

How television has changed the game.

History of Instant Replay

Upon further review…

Creating the NFL Schedule

It takes hundreds of computers and five NFL executives to create the NFL’s 256-game masterpiece.

Big Data Bowl

The annual analytics contest explores statistical innovations in football — how the game is played and coached.

Youth Football

Promoting the values of football.

The Players

The Players

Learn how NFL players have changed over time, how they’re developed and drafted and how the league works with them after their playing days are over.  

Evolution of the NFL Player

Creating an NFL player: from “everyman” to “superman.”

Development Pipeline

Supporting the next generation of players and fans.

Getting Into the Game

Preparing players of all ages for success at football’s highest level.

The NFL Draft

Introducing the next wave of NFL superstars. 

NFL Player Engagement

A look at the programs and services NFL Player Engagement provides to assist every player before, during and after his football career.

NFL Legends Community

Strengthening the NFL brotherhood.

NFL Total Wellness

NFL Total Wellness assists players, Legends and their families before, during and after their playing experiences.

The Officials

The Officials

Discover the evolution of professional officiating, the weekly evaluation process and how the NFL identifies and develops the next generation of officials.

In Focus: History of the Official

“One thing hasn’t changed: the pressure. It will always be there.”

Inside NFL GameDay Central

The latest information from the NFL's officiating center.

These Officials Are Really Good

Every week, officials take the field ready to put months of preparation, training and hard work on display, knowing that the whole world — and the Officiating Department — is watching.

Officiating Development

Officiating an NFL game takes years of training and experience. 

The Rules

The Rules

NFL Football Operations protects the integrity of the game by ensuring that the rules and the officiating are consistent and fair to all competitors.

In Focus: Evolution of the NFL Rules

The custodians of football not only have protected its integrity, but have also revised its playing rules to protect the players, and to make the games fairer and more entertaining.

NFL Video Rulebook

The NFL Video Rulebook explains NFL rules with video examples.

2020 NFL Rulebook

Explore the official rules of the game.

2020 Rules Changes and Points of Emphasis

NFL Overtime Rules

NFL Tiebreaking Procedures

The NFL's procedures for breaking ties for postseason playoffs.

NFL Rules Digest

A quick reference guide to the NFL rulebook.

Signals Intelligence

The NFL's familiar hand signals help fans better understand the game.   

Football 101

Football 101

Terms Glossary

Sharpen your NFL football knowledge with this glossary of the game's fundamental terms. 

Formations 101

See where the players line up in pro football's most common offensive and defensive formations.

Quick Guide to NFL TV Graphics

Understand what the graphics on NFL television broadcasts mean and how they can help you get the most out of watching NFL games.

NFL Instant Replay Process

The NFL’s instant replay review process focuses on expediting instant replay reviews and ensuring consistency. Learn how it works.

Stats Central

Stats Central

Go inside the game with the NFL's official game stats. Sort the stats by season or by week.

The Extra Point

Welcome to the Extra Point, where members of the NFL's football data and analytics team will share updates on league-wide trends in football data, interesting visualizations that showcase innovative ways to use the league's data, and provide an inside look at how the NFL uses data-driven insight to improve and monitor player and team performance.

Chart The Data

Chart and compare the NFL Football Operations stats you're looking for with the NFL's data tool. 

Weekly Dashboard

Get a snapshot of the current NFL game stats, updated weekly during the regular season.

NFL Equity Rule

The league’s equity rule is the underlying policy that governs the competitive aspects of the game.

NFL Football Operations works year-round to make sure that games are equitable and that no team gains an unfair competitive advantage over its opponent each week. The league’s equity rule is the underlying policy that governs the competitive aspects of the game.

Under the equity rule, the home club in each game is obligated “to grant the visiting club all practical equity in any consideration that could affect competitive factors on game day.”

This means that the visiting team has the same access as the home team to locations, technology, equipment and conveniences — whether in the locker room, the bench area, the coaching booth or the video shooting positions.

NFL Football Operations must maintain a delicate balance: determining how to innovate while respecting and preserving the game’s traditions, integrity and competitive equity. The equity rule is critical to fulfilling that objective.

The Equity Rule in Action

Coach-to-Player (C2P) Communications:

Each club’s C2P system, which allows coaches to communicate with designated players between plays, must be fully functional before kickoff. If it is not, the affected club must notify the nearest game official or NFL Football Operations representative, who will instruct the opposing club’s equipment manager to turn over his team’s C2P components to the league-appointed C2P technician until the system is restored.

The equity rule no longer applies once the C2P system is fully functional for both clubs, or if the system is fully functional when the game starts. The equity rule is not enforced for in-game issues.

Coaches’ Booths:

The home team will provide the visiting club a booth with an unobstructed view of the field and unobstructed and private use of phones for its coaches. This booth will be located at the same elevation as the home coaches’ booth. No one is allowed to interfere with the visiting coaches’ privacy or with their ability to perform their duties, and no one connected with the home team is allowed in the visiting coaches’ booth.

Each coaches’ booth is equipped with television monitors that show the live network feed of the game directly from the network television truck. The feed is the same as the one used in the instant replay booth. Before each game, a league-employed instant replay technician will confirm that both coaches’ booths have the correct video feed and that the monitors are functioning.

The equity rule applies until kickoff. If one team’s monitors are not operational at kickoff, neither team may use them until the problem is resolved. If the coach’s monitors are fully functional when the game starts, the equity rule is not enforced for in-game issues.

Sideline Viewing System:

The home team is responsible for providing the league-issued sideline viewing system for both clubs, which coaches use to review still images from the game with their players and make in-game adjustments. The league issues 13 Microsoft Surface Pro 3 tablets in each bench area and 12 more in each coaches’ booth, as well as a printing system for coaches to use to print copies of the still images. The tablets, set up and maintained by league-employed purple hat technicians on game day, are configured so that clubs can’t modify them to gain an unfair competitive advantage. Attempts to alter tablet hardware or software without league approval are prohibited.

If sideline or booth devices are not working properly at kickoff, the opposing team is limited to using only as many operational devices as the affected team has. For example, if one team has seven working devices in the bench area at kickoff, the other team is limited to using seven devices in its bench area. When the malfunctioning devices are restored, both teams can resume using all of their devices. Both teams may still use paper printouts in place of the tablets, assuming that both clubs’ printing systems are operational.

The equity rule no longer applies once the tablet systems are fully functional for both clubs, or once the game has started with full functionality.