Football Ops

Football Ops

Protecting the integrity of the greatest game.

NFL Ops: Honoring the Game

It's our responsibility to strengthen the sport.

League Governance

Ensuring a consistent and fair game that is decided on the field, by the players.

Social Justice

NFL COVID-19 Protocols

NFL Rules Enforcement

Ensuring that players conduct themselves in a way that honors the sport and respects the game.

NFL Way to Play

Knees Bent. Pads Down. Head Up and Out.

The NFL and HBCUs

The NFL is proud of the HBCU professional football legacy.

Economic & Social Impact

Honoring the league’s commitment to serve the communities where the game is played.

The NFL Ops Team

Meet the people behind NFL Operations.

The Game

The Game

Learn about the people, the jobs and the technology that deliver the best game possible to NFL fans across the U.S. and around the world. 

Game Day: Behind the Scenes

Countdown to kickoff: how NFL games happen.

Game Day Assistants

See the NFL personnel at every game, what they do and you can identify them. 


In the NFL, balancing technology with tradition.

Impact of Television

How television has changed the game.

History of Instant Replay

Upon further review…

Creating the NFL Schedule

It takes hundreds of computers and five NFL executives to create the NFL’s 256-game masterpiece.

Big Data Bowl

The annual analytics contest explores statistical innovations in football — how the game is played and coached.

Youth Football

Promoting the values of football.

The Players

The Players

Learn how NFL players have changed over time, how they’re developed and drafted and how the league works with them after their playing days are over.  

Evolution of the NFL Player

Creating an NFL player: from “everyman” to “superman.”

Development Pipeline

Supporting the next generation of players and fans.

Getting Into the Game

Preparing players of all ages for success at football’s highest level.

The NFL Draft

Introducing the next wave of NFL superstars. 

NFL Player Engagement

A look at the programs and services NFL Player Engagement provides to assist every player before, during and after his football career.

NFL Legends Community

Strengthening the NFL brotherhood.

NFL Total Wellness

NFL Total Wellness assists players, Legends and their families before, during and after their playing experiences.

The Officials

The Officials

Discover the evolution of professional officiating, the weekly evaluation process and how the NFL identifies and develops the next generation of officials.

In Focus: History of the Official

“One thing hasn’t changed: the pressure. It will always be there.”

Inside NFL GameDay Central

The latest information from the NFL's officiating center.

These Officials Are Really Good

Every week, officials take the field ready to put months of preparation, training and hard work on display, knowing that the whole world — and the Officiating Department — is watching.

Officiating Development

Officiating an NFL game takes years of training and experience. 

The Rules

The Rules

NFL Football Operations protects the integrity of the game by ensuring that the rules and the officiating are consistent and fair to all competitors.

In Focus: Evolution of the NFL Rules

The custodians of football not only have protected its integrity, but have also revised its playing rules to protect the players, and to make the games fairer and more entertaining.

NFL Video Rulebook

The NFL Video Rulebook explains NFL rules with video examples.

2020 NFL Rulebook

Explore the official rules of the game.

2020 Rules Changes and Points of Emphasis

NFL Overtime Rules

Signals Intelligence

The NFL's familiar hand signals help fans better understand the game.   

NFL Tiebreaking Procedures

The NFL's procedures for breaking ties for postseason playoffs.

NFL Rules Digest

A quick reference guide to the NFL rulebook.

Football 101

Football 101

Terms Glossary

Sharpen your NFL football knowledge with this glossary of the game's fundamental terms. 

Formations 101

See where the players line up in pro football's most common offensive and defensive formations.

Quick Guide to NFL TV Graphics

Understand what the graphics on NFL television broadcasts mean and how they can help you get the most out of watching NFL games.

NFL Instant Replay Process

The NFL’s instant replay review process focuses on expediting instant replay reviews and ensuring consistency. Learn how it works.

Stats Central

Stats Central

Go inside the game with the NFL's official game stats. Sort the stats by season or by week.

The Extra Point

Welcome to the Extra Point, where members of the NFL's football data and analytics team will share updates on league-wide trends in football data, interesting visualizations that showcase innovative ways to use the league's data, and provide an inside look at how the NFL uses data-driven insight to improve and monitor player and team performance.

Chart The Data

Chart and compare the NFL Football Operations stats you're looking for with the NFL's data tool. 

Weekly Dashboard

Get a snapshot of the current NFL game stats, updated weekly during the regular season.

Uniform Inspectors

Protecting players and maintaining competitive equity on game days.

As a star running back for the New York Giants in the 1980s, Joe Morris excelled at quickly scanning the field for would-be tacklers.

These days, he scans the field as one of the NFL’s 64 uniform inspectors — former players assigned to a team’s home games to ensure that both clubs comply with the league’s uniform rules. 

Morris starts roaming the field at Giants home games during warm-ups, keeping a close watch for violations. When the league mandated thigh and knee pads as a protective measure, for example, he had to make sure that players were actually using them.

“What I’m trying to do is from my eye, my naked eye, I have to be able to discern that there’s a thigh [pad] and knee [pad] there and I have to be able to see it clearly,” Morris told the NFL Network’s “Around the League” program in 2013.

Former Giants running back Joe Morris used to push the envelope with the way he wore his uniform; now he makes sure that players stick to the league’s rules when they suit up. 

“A lot of guys don’t like it,” he said, referring to the pad requirement. “This is a good rule. It’s sensible. It’s trying to protect the players.” 

Compliance with the uniform rules helps the league to protect players from injury, maintain competitive balance, create a professional appearance and protect the league’s business partnerships. 

As an example, for the 2014 season the NFL banned the use of nonstandard or “overbuilt” face masks unless players can prove the need for a medical exemption from the rules. Research shows that the added weight negatively affects the helmet’s structural integrity and fatigues the neck extensors, potentially putting players at risk for injury.

The NFL denied Khalil Mack’s request to continue using the “overbuilt” face mask he wore in college but granted Justin Tuck’s request for a medical exemption, so he can keep wearing his. (AP Photo/Mike Groll) (AP Photo/Paul Jasienski)

The NFL denied Khalil Mack’s request to continue using the “overbuilt” face mask he wore in college but granted Justin Tuck’s request for a medical exemption, so he can keep wearing his. (AP Photo/Mike Groll) (AP Photo/Paul Jasienski)

If a player suffers from migraines or is sensitive to sunlight, he’ll need a medical exemption to put a tinted visor on his helmet as a replacement for the permitted clear visor. The restriction isn’t arbitrary; at times, medical personnel need to see an injured player’s eyes without removing his helmet, and tinted visors interfere with that. 

“A player’s appearance on the field conveys a message regarding the image of the league and directly affects the league’s reputation and success,” the NFL’s Game Operations Manual states. All players must tuck in their jerseys. They cannot wear bandannas. Stockings must be white from the top of the shoe to midcalf and an approved team color from midcalf to the bottom of the pant leg, which must be pulled down below the knee.

To maintain fairness among all 32 teams and their players, the NFL banned tear-away jerseys in 1979 so runners couldn’t use them to escape tackles. Kicking shoes cannot be modified. Players cannot wear headgear or any other equipment or apparel that in the opinion of the uniform inspector or the referee may confuse an opponent because its color is similar to a football’s.

The NFL’s rules regarding the equipment that players can wear during games, minicamps, training camps and practice sessions ensure the apparel’s quality. For example, the NFL’s Foot and Ankle Subcommittee tests different shoes for durability and flexibility and recommends to players those it feels are the most comfortable and most durable.

Inspectors also protect the NFL’s commercial agreements: Only logos or brand names from the league’s official partners can be displayed.

Players may wear other brands, as long as they remove or cover the name or logo. For example, NFL compliance vice president Akil Coad said, if a player chooses to wear specially molded shoes from a company that isn’t an official league partner, “who are we to tell them not to wear it? Just don’t show the mark.”

The uniform inspector’s job is to make sure that every player in violation of the rules is aware of it and has an opportunity to correct it. He’ll talk directly to players and, a half-hour before kickoff, he’ll meet with a team representative to report problems. That employee must bring any player spotted with a violation back to the inspector for clearance before kickoff.

The inspector’s job doesn’t end after warm-ups; he notifies teams of any violations he spots during a game as well. Players and teams have the opportunity to get into compliance at the next change of possession or other “appropriate stoppage” in play. After the game, the inspector roams the locker rooms, checking to make sure that no nonpartner logos can be seen by reporters, fans or television cameras — and then writes a summary of each game for the league. 

For many violations, a player cannot go back into the game until the problem is corrected. Teams can be penalized 5 yards if — after receiving a warning — the player enters the game anyway. Failing to comply with league warnings can result in hefty fines.

Most players quickly and willingly come into compliance. All fines collected go directly to funds that benefit former players.