Football Ops

Football Ops

Protecting the integrity of the greatest game.

NFL Ops: Honoring the Game

It's our responsibility to strengthen the sport.

League Governance

Ensuring a consistent and fair game that is decided on the field, by the players.

2020 NFL-NFLPA CBA: Need to know

Key takeaways from the 2020 Collective Bargaining Agreement 

NFL Rules Enforcement

Ensuring that players conduct themselves in a way that honors the sport and respects the game.

NFL Way to Play

Knees Bent. Pads Down. Head Up and Out.

The NFL and HBCUs

The NFL is proud of the HBCU professional football legacy.

Economic & Social Impact

Honoring the league’s commitment to serve the communities where the game is played.

The NFL Ops Team

Meet the people behind NFL Operations.

The Game

The Game

Learn about the people, the jobs and the technology that deliver the best game possible to NFL fans across the U.S. and around the world. 

Game Day: Behind the Scenes

Countdown to kickoff: how NFL games happen.

Game Day Assistants

See the NFL personnel at every game, what they do and you can identify them. 


In the NFL, balancing technology with tradition.

Impact of Television

How television has changed the game.

Big Data Bowl

The annual analytics contest explores statistical innovations in football — how the game is played and coached.

History of Instant Replay

Upon further review…

Creating the NFL Schedule

It takes hundreds of computers and five NFL executives to create the NFL’s 256-game masterpiece.

Youth Football

Promoting the values of football.

The Players

The Players

Learn how NFL players have changed over time, how they’re developed and drafted and how the league works with them after their playing days are over.  

Evolution of the NFL Player

Creating an NFL player: from “everyman” to “superman.”

Development Pipeline

Supporting the next generation of players and fans.

Getting Into the Game

Preparing players of all ages for success at football’s highest level.

The NFL Draft

Introducing the next wave of NFL superstars. 

NFL Player Engagement

A look at the programs and services NFL Player Engagement provides to assist every player before, during and after his football career.

NFL Legends Community

Strengthening the NFL brotherhood.

NFL Total Wellness

NFL Total Wellness assists players, Legends and their families before, during and after their playing experiences.

The Officials

The Officials

Discover the evolution of professional officiating, the weekly evaluation process and how the NFL identifies and develops the next generation of officials.

In Focus: History of the Official

“One thing hasn’t changed: the pressure. It will always be there.”

Inside NFL GameDay Central

The latest information from the NFL's officiating center.

These Officials Are Really Good

Every week, officials take the field ready to put months of preparation, training and hard work on display, knowing that the whole world — and the Officiating Department — is watching.

Officiating Development

Officiating an NFL game takes years of training and experience. 

The Rules

The Rules

NFL Football Operations protects the integrity of the game by ensuring that the rules and the officiating are consistent and fair to all competitors.

In Focus: Evolution of the NFL Rules

The custodians of football not only have protected its integrity, but have also revised its playing rules to protect the players, and to make the games fairer and more entertaining.

NFL Video Rulebook

The NFL Video Rulebook explains NFL rules with video examples.

2019 NFL Rulebook

Explore the official rules of the game.

2019 Rules Changes and Points of Emphasis

NFL Overtime Rules

NFL Tiebreaking Procedures

The NFL's procedures for breaking ties for postseason playoffs.

Signals Intelligence

The NFL's familiar hand signals help fans better understand the game.   

NFL Rules Digest

A quick reference guide to the NFL rulebook.

Football 101

Football 101

Terms Glossary

Sharpen your NFL football knowledge with this glossary of the game's fundamental terms. 

Formations 101

See where the players line up in pro football's most common offensive and defensive formations.

Quick Guide to NFL TV Graphics

Understand what the graphics on NFL television broadcasts mean and how they can help you get the most out of watching NFL games.

NFL Instant Replay Process

The NFL’s instant replay review process focuses on expediting instant replay reviews and ensuring consistency. Learn how it works.

Stats Central

Stats Central

Go inside the game with the NFL's official game stats. Sort the stats by season or by week.

The Extra Point

Welcome to the Extra Point, where members of the NFL's football data and analytics team will share updates on league-wide trends in football data, interesting visualizations that showcase innovative ways to use the league's data, and provide an inside look at how the NFL uses data-driven insight to improve and monitor player and team performance.

Chart The Data

Chart and compare the NFL Football Operations stats you're looking for with the NFL's data tool. 

Weekly Dashboard

Get a snapshot of the current NFL game stats, updated weekly during the regular season.

Participants and judges will head to Indianapolis for the second annual Big Data Bowl. This is the second iteration of the league’s data and analytics competition aimed at analyzing player performance to spur innovation in the game.

The Big Data Bowl, powered by Amazon Web Services (AWS), will take place on Wednesday, Feb. 26 during the 2020 Scouting Combine in Indianapolis. The theme of this year's contest centers on rushing plays. Participants were provided with the NFL's Next Gen Stats, including speed, direction, and location information for all 22 players on the field at the moment a ball carrier receives the ball, and were tasked with predicting where the ball carrier would end up. 

Six college finalists will share their methods with NFL team analytics staff. Judges will select one collegiate finalist to win a $1,000 gift card to NFL Shop and four tickets to an NFL game of their choice in the 2020 season. NFL Network predictive analytics expert Cynthia Frelund will serve as the event's emcee.

The winners of the open entry competition hosted on Kaggle during weeks 13 through 17 of the 2019 NFL season will also present their methods and findings at the live event. Philipp Singer and Dmitry Gordeev's algorithm won the grand prize of $50,000 out of 2,000 submissions from 75 countries.

Data and analytics are the underpinning of the NFL's work, including in the creation of rules changes and in monitoring player and team performance. The Big Data Bowl is one of two NFL crowd-sourcing initiatives this year — the first being the league's annual Super Bowl pitch competition, 1st and Future.

AWS is the presenting sponsor of the competition, building on their partnership with the league which includes the new "Digital Athlete" platform and its role as the Official Cloud Machine Learning Provider of Next Gen Stats. Together, the NFL and AWS are leveraging Next Gen Stats player-tracking data and machine-learning (ML) services to transform how football is analyzed, played, coached, and experienced.

The following list of collegiate finalists and representatives of the open Kaggle competition will present at the Big Data Bowl:

Big Data Bowl College Finalists

  • Graham Pash and Walker Powell, NC State University
  • Matt Ploenzke, Harvard University
  • Kellin Rumsey and Brandon DeFlon, University of New Mexico
  • Caio Brighenti, Colgate University
  • Alex Stern, University of Virginia
  • Namrata Ray and Jugal Marfatia, Washington State University

Open Kaggle Competition Presenters

  • Philipp Singer and Dmitry Gordeev: Kaggle winners Singer and Gordeev comprise The Zoo, a data science team based in Austria. Singer studied software engineering and economics in Austria, where he finished a Ph.D. in computer science. Gordeev studied at Moscow State University and graduated as a specialist in applied math/data mining. Both work at UNIQA Insurance Group in Vienna and have teamed up to win six gold medals on Kaggle.
  • David Melnick, Columbia University: Melnick is a data analyst and a student in the M.A. Statistics program at Columbia University from Great Neck, New York.

The panel of judges will feature:

  • Lin Lee Cheong, AWS Data Scientist
  • Michael Chi, Director of Engineering, NFL, Next Gen Stats
  • Daniel Ricci, Player Personnel Assistant, Kansas City Chiefs
  • Kwesi Adofo-Mensah, Director of Football Research, San Francisco 49ers

For more information, visit the Big Data Bowl page on the NFL Operations website.