Football Ops

Football Ops

Protecting the integrity of the greatest game.

NFL Ops: Honoring the Game

It's our responsibility to strengthen the sport.

League Governance

Ensuring a consistent and fair game that is decided on the field, by the players.

Return To Play

2020 NFL-NFLPA CBA: Need to know

Key takeaways from the 2020 Collective Bargaining Agreement 

NFL Rules Enforcement

Ensuring that players conduct themselves in a way that honors the sport and respects the game.

NFL Way to Play

Knees Bent. Pads Down. Head Up and Out.

The NFL and HBCUs

The NFL is proud of the HBCU professional football legacy.

Economic & Social Impact

Honoring the league’s commitment to serve the communities where the game is played.

The NFL Ops Team

Meet the people behind NFL Operations.

The Game

The Game

Learn about the people, the jobs and the technology that deliver the best game possible to NFL fans across the U.S. and around the world. 

Game Day: Behind the Scenes

Countdown to kickoff: how NFL games happen.

Game Day Assistants

See the NFL personnel at every game, what they do and you can identify them. 


In the NFL, balancing technology with tradition.

Impact of Television

How television has changed the game.

History of Instant Replay

Upon further review…

Creating the NFL Schedule

It takes hundreds of computers and five NFL executives to create the NFL’s 256-game masterpiece.

Big Data Bowl

The annual analytics contest explores statistical innovations in football — how the game is played and coached.

Youth Football

Promoting the values of football.

The Players

The Players

Learn how NFL players have changed over time, how they’re developed and drafted and how the league works with them after their playing days are over.  

Evolution of the NFL Player

Creating an NFL player: from “everyman” to “superman.”

Development Pipeline

Supporting the next generation of players and fans.

Getting Into the Game

Preparing players of all ages for success at football’s highest level.

The NFL Draft

Introducing the next wave of NFL superstars. 

NFL Player Engagement

A look at the programs and services NFL Player Engagement provides to assist every player before, during and after his football career.

NFL Legends Community

Strengthening the NFL brotherhood.

NFL Total Wellness

NFL Total Wellness assists players, Legends and their families before, during and after their playing experiences.

The Officials

The Officials

Discover the evolution of professional officiating, the weekly evaluation process and how the NFL identifies and develops the next generation of officials.

In Focus: History of the Official

“One thing hasn’t changed: the pressure. It will always be there.”

Inside NFL GameDay Central

The latest information from the NFL's officiating center.

These Officials Are Really Good

Every week, officials take the field ready to put months of preparation, training and hard work on display, knowing that the whole world — and the Officiating Department — is watching.

Officiating Development

Officiating an NFL game takes years of training and experience. 

The Rules

The Rules

NFL Football Operations protects the integrity of the game by ensuring that the rules and the officiating are consistent and fair to all competitors.

In Focus: Evolution of the NFL Rules

The custodians of football not only have protected its integrity, but have also revised its playing rules to protect the players, and to make the games fairer and more entertaining.

NFL Video Rulebook

The NFL Video Rulebook explains NFL rules with video examples.

2020 NFL Rulebook

Explore the official rules of the game.

2020 Rules Changes and Points of Emphasis

NFL Overtime Rules

Signals Intelligence

The NFL's familiar hand signals help fans better understand the game.   

NFL Tiebreaking Procedures

The NFL's procedures for breaking ties for postseason playoffs.

NFL Rules Digest

A quick reference guide to the NFL rulebook.

Football 101

Football 101

Terms Glossary

Sharpen your NFL football knowledge with this glossary of the game's fundamental terms. 

Formations 101

See where the players line up in pro football's most common offensive and defensive formations.

Quick Guide to NFL TV Graphics

Understand what the graphics on NFL television broadcasts mean and how they can help you get the most out of watching NFL games.

NFL Instant Replay Process

The NFL’s instant replay review process focuses on expediting instant replay reviews and ensuring consistency. Learn how it works.

Stats Central

Stats Central

Go inside the game with the NFL's official game stats. Sort the stats by season or by week.

The Extra Point

Welcome to the Extra Point, where members of the NFL's football data and analytics team will share updates on league-wide trends in football data, interesting visualizations that showcase innovative ways to use the league's data, and provide an inside look at how the NFL uses data-driven insight to improve and monitor player and team performance.

Chart The Data

Chart and compare the NFL Football Operations stats you're looking for with the NFL's data tool. 

Weekly Dashboard

Get a snapshot of the current NFL game stats, updated weekly during the regular season.

This year, as in every year since the Harris Poll began asking about it in 1985, Americans who follow at least one sport say that pro football is their favorite — and television has played a key role in building the NFL’s popularity.

NFL games attracted more than 202 million viewers last season and continue to top the television ratings. In 2014, games on the league’s broadcast partners (CBS, Fox and NBC) averaged 19.2 million viewers — 159 percent higher than the average prime-time viewership (7.4 million) on the four major networks — ABC, CBS, Fox and NBC.

Television has helped elevate the Super Bowl from sporting event to de facto national holiday: Super Bowl XLIX, on Feb. 1, 2015, averaged 114.4 million viewers, making it the most-watched program in U.S. television history.

NBC’s “Sunday Night Football” averaged 21.3 million viewers in 2014 and has been prime time’s top-rated show for the full September-May TV season for four consecutive years — a first for a sports series.

A look ahead

Here are some of the highlights of the 2015 NFL broadcasting schedule:

  • The annual prime-time Kickoff game features the New England Patriots, the defending Super Bowl champion, hosting the Pittsburgh Steelers (Thursday, Sept. 10, on NBC at 8:30 p.m. ET).
  • The season’s first double-header on CBS includes the Baltimore Ravens at the Denver Broncos (Sunday, Sept. 13, at 4:25 p.m. ET).
  • An NFC East showdown opens NBC’s “Sunday Night Football” season, when the New York Giants visit the Dallas Cowboys (Sunday, Sept. 13, at 8:30 p.m. ET).
  • ESPN’s “Monday Night Football” starts with a double-header: the Philadelphia Eagles at the Atlanta Falcons, followed by the Minnesota Vikings at the San Francisco 49ers (Monday, Sept. 14, at 7:10 p.m. and 10:20 p.m. ET).
  • As the Super Bowl approaches its 50th anniversary, this season offers 19 rematches between opponents in previous Super Bowls.
  • ESPN will broadcast a “Monday Night Football” game each week from week 2 through week 16. (There will be no Monday night game in week 17 to provide flexibility in scheduling the opening weekend of the NFL playoffs.)
  • Games will be “cross-flexed” between CBS and Fox for the second consecutive season to allow more games to be seen by more fans. NFC matchups that will move from Fox to CBS, and AFC matchups that will go the other way, include the Chicago Bears at the Seattle Seahawks in week 3 and the Carolina Panthers at Dallas on Thanksgiving Day. Additional “cross-flexed” games will be determined during the season.
  • Sixteen divisional matchups are scheduled for the final weekend of the season, increasing the chance that more games will have playoff implications (Sunday, Jan. 3).
  • The Pro Bowl’s return to Hawaii will be televised from Aloha Stadium on ESPN (Sunday, Jan. 31).
  • Super Bowl 50 at Levi’s Stadium in Santa Clara, California, airs on CBS on Sunday, Feb. 7.


The NFL is celebrating its premier event with “Super Bowl on the Fifty,” honoring the prestige and the history of the championship game, leading up to Super Bowl 50 on Sunday, Feb. 7, at Levi’s Stadium in Santa Clara, California.

CBS will televise Super Bowl 50 — its 19th Super Bowl broadcast, the most by any network.

“CBS Sports is proud to have made history televising Super Bowl I, and we are poised to do it again with the broadcast of Super Bowl 50,” says Sean McManus, chairman of CBS Sports. “This is a special season for CBS Sports, with more NFL coverage than ever before, including ‘Thursday Night Football,’ Sunday afternoon football, the AFC playoffs — and culminating with the biggest event in television history, Super Bowl 50.”


To make sure the best matchups at the end of the season are broadcast to the largest audiences, the NFL introduced “flexible scheduling” in 2006. This involves moving a game from its scheduled Sunday afternoon slot on CBS or Fox to the prime-time hours of NBC’s “Sunday Night Football.”

The NFL consults with CBS, Fox and NBC to determine which games will be flexed, and the league reserves the right to move the start times of Sunday games as long as it provides the teams affected and ticket-holding fans with 12 days’ notice. In week 17, the league can flex a game with playoff implications with only six days’ notice.

In week 17 of the 2014 season, the game between the Cincinnati Bengals and the Pittsburgh Steelers, which had playoff implications, was moved from Sunday afternoon on CBS to Sunday night on NBC.

From 2006 through 2013, only games scheduled in weeks 10–15 and week 17 could be “flexed.” In 2014, the league extended flex scheduling to include games starting in week 5. Between weeks 5 and 10, only a total of two games can be flexed, while no restrictions apply from week 11 on.

Flex scheduling does not apply to Thursday, Monday or the occasional Saturday games. The NFL always has had the ability to move Sunday afternoon games between the 1:05 p.m. ET and the 4:05 p.m. ET or 4:25 p.m. ET time slots.

In 2014 the league introduced “cross-flexing,” which allows up to seven games annually that would have typically aired on Fox or CBS to be aired on the other network. That means, for example, that an all-AFC matchup could air on Fox and an all-NFC game could appear on CBS. An equal number of games must be cross-flexed: If CBS airs three games originally slated for Fox, then Fox would have to get three games that would have originally aired on CBS.